Efforts in Decreasing The Number of Tuberculosis Patients Based on The Analysis of Staff Characteristic and Program Management Factors

Atma Deharja

Abstract


The prevalence of Tuberculosis (TB) patients in Lumajang increased by 25.06 per 100.000 people from year of 2007 to 2011. The increase number of prevalence of TB patients in Lumajang showed that the number of TB patients got higher so that the morbidity level of public health in Lumajang got lower. Therefore, an effort is needed to reduce the number of TB patients in Lumajang. The objective of this study was to arrange efforts in decreasing the number of TB patients based on the results of analysis on staff characteristic and program management factor in Lumajang Regency. This research is an analytical observational study, conducted by analyzing; the staff characteristic factor including the working period and the perception of staff and the factor of Community Health Centers management, including planning, organizing, actuating, and controlling of TB patient decreasing. This study took place in selected Community Health Centers which are the sub-ordinate of Health Department in Lumajang Regency. The study was conducted from February to March 2012. The population of this study was 25 Community Health Centers in Lumajang Regency and the sample was 21 selected Community Health Centers by using proportional stratified random sampling technique. The data was analyzed using SPSS 16.0 software. Then, a multiple regression analysis was done. The result of this analysis became the strategic issue. The result shows that staff characteristic factors (working period and the perception of staff) significantly play role in decreasing the TB patients at Community Health Centers in Lumajang Regency (p<0.05). So do program management factors (planning, organizing, actuating and controlling) – they have important role in decreasing TB patients at Community Health Centers in Lumajang Regency (p<0.05). Indeed, program management is inseparable related process. Every single management program factor may affect one another. 


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