Energy Distribution Of Macronutrient Among Adolescents In Indonesia: Secondary Analysis Of Total Diet Study Data

Qonita Rachmah, Wantanee Kriengsinyos


In nutrition through the lifecycle concept, nutritional adequacy for each age group should be seriously considered, including in adolescent group. Adolescent balanced nutrition needs to be addressed in order to prevent future diseases. Balanced nutrition can be assessed based on the energy distribution of macronutrients that have been formulated through national summit. Thus, this study aims to evaluate energy distribution of macronutrients as well as percent adequacy intake of energy, protein, and fat among adolescence in East Java province, Indonesia. Data from Total Diet Study were used to investigate the intakes of macronutrient and demographic data of adolescents aged 16 – 18 years who lives in East Java Province (n=708). Data of intakes were assessed using 24 hr recall. Mann-Whitney U tests and Independent t-test were conducted to compare macronutrient consumption, percent adequacy intake of energy, protein, and fat between sex and locality. The results show energy distribution of macronutrient was 56.55% energy from carbohydrate: 14.36% energy from protein: 29.09% energy from fat. Energy distribution of macronutrient of adolescent was changed from 2010 in which energy from protein and fat were increase while energy from carbohydrate was decrease. Percent distribution of energy from carbohydrate was significantly higher in boys (p=0.000), but percent energy from protein was significantly higher in girls (p=0.000). There was no significant different in energy distribution of macronutrients between urban and rural adolescents. Compared to Indonesian Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA), mean intake of energy, protein, and fat were 75.17%, 101.45%, and 74.82%, respectively. There was no significant different in percent adequacy intake of macronutrients both for sex and locality. This analysis demonstrates a balanced energy distribution of macronutrient intake. These results

should be considered by those responsible for ensuring adequate nutrient intakes of adolescents. 

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