Analysis of Cohb Level in Blood Contribution on the Lung Function Capacity to Potters at Yogyakarta Giwangan Terminal

Devi Angeliana Kusumaningtiar, Yustini Ardillah

Abstract


Yogyakarta is a capital city of Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, educational, tourism and industry city. This condition probably makes citizen increase and it can also increase urbanization to Yogyakarta. Citizen increasing causes the vehicle volume increased and it can make quality of air decrease. Main source of pollutant comes from transportation and one of them is carbon monoxide. Potter in Giwangan terminal were respondents in this study which were in high risk to be exposed by transportation emission which had carbon monoxide because their activity that always stay in terminal for long time. This study aim was prevent risk of lung capacity decreasing caused by carbon monoxide to potters at Yogyakarta Giwangan terminal. This study was observational study with cross sectional design. Study Population was all potters at Yogyakarta Giwangan terminal with sample large were 33 samples (population total). Data analysis used spearman correlation test and fisher‘s continued logistic regression. The results of this study showed that 30.3% of respondents had the abnormal lung function capacity (lung problems) and 69.7% of respondents had normal lung function capacity. The results of bivariate analysis between age, nutritional status, use of Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) and disease history were not associated with lung function capacity (p-value> 0.05) and there was associated between the period of employment, smoking habit, and exercise habits with a capacity of lung function (p-value <0.05). Multivariate test results indicated that COHb levels did not contribute to the capacity of lung function and smoking was the most influencing variable to capacity of lung function with odds ratio value (OR) as many as 16.37. COHb levels did not contribute the capacity of lung function and smoking habit was the most

factors which influence than others. 


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