Barriers on Hiv Prevention for Female Sex Workers in Lao PDR: a Literature Review (2003-2014)

Pangkham Thikeo, Jongjit Rittirong

Abstract


Although the government of Lao PDR and its development partners have been providing strong political commitment and strengthening the endorsement and implementation on HIV/AIDS prevention programs to end epidemic of HIV/AIDS; nonetheless, HIV/AIDS prevalence and incidence in Lao PDR have been increasing rapidly since 2003. The risk are higher among key affected populations such as sex workers, male who have sex with male, their clients, and injecting drug users. There are numerous causes and barriers that prevent to country to reach the MDGS that set targets of HIV prevalence amongst population aged 15-24 years at less than 1 percent and HIV prevalence amongst female sex workers at less than 5 percent in 2015 such as limited civil society involvement, poor coverage and quality of HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment services, condom use program that is not universally covered, increased in migrant sex workers, low level of education, and unsafe sexual activity, and unaccommodating environment. The objective of the HIV prevention among female sex workers research was identified the barriers on HIV/AIDS interventions in Lao PDR. Literature review was conducted by using existing Lao PDR country

progress reports on HIV/AIDS.

The HIV prevention programmes for female sex workers not successful too much, because there have many barriers such as: 1) Sexual services are illegal and visible phenomenon in Lao PDR. 2) Number and HIV incidence amongst the female sex worker was increased and also their sexual activities are more hidden and difficult to reach them into HIV prevention programmes. 3) Female sex workers are vulnerable and high risk behaviour. 4) Condom use of female sex workers with the recent client was steadily increased, but with regular partners is still low. 5) The quality of health care services on HIV prevention still low and lack of professional skills. 6) FSWs have sexual intercourse in too young age, so they are higher risks for HIV infection. 7) Female sex workers are remaining perceived stigma and discrimination by society, especially by health care service providers. Stigmatization and discrimination is the one barriers of HIV prevention for female sex

workers in Lao PDR. 


Full Text:

PDF

References


GARPR. (2015). LAO PDR COUNTRY PROGRESS REPORT, Global AIDS Response Progress.

GARPR. (2014). LAO PDR COUNTRY PROGRESS REPORT, Global AIDS Response Progress.

GARPR. (2012). LAO PDR COUNTRY PROGRESS REPORT, Global AIDS Response Progress.

GARPR. (2010). LAO PDR COUNTRY PROGRESS REPORT, Global AIDS Response Progress.

GARPR. (2009). LAO PDR COUNTRY PROGRESS REPORT, Global AIDS Response Progress.

GARPR. (2005). LAO PDR COUNTRY PROGRESS REPORT, Global AIDS Response Progress.

Lao PDR; UN. (2013). MDG Progress Report for Lao PDR 2013.

Lao PDR; UN. (2005). MDG Progress Report for Lao PDR 2013.

MOH. (2010). The National Strategic and Action Plan (NSAP) on HIV/AIDS/STIs Control and

Prevention 2011-2015

MPI. (2011) The Seventh Five-year National Socio-Economic Development Plan (2011-2015)

MOH. (2005) The Lao National Reproductive Health Policy 2005

MOH. (2014). Projection Results AEM and Spectrum, 2014.

MoH; LSB/MPI; MoES. (2012). Lao Social Indicator Survey 2011-12.

UNICEF. (2011). RAPID ASSESSMENT

Most-At-Risk Adolescents and Young People to HIV in Lao PDR.

UNICEF. (2014). RAPID ASSESSMENT

Most-At-Risk Adolescents and Young People to HIV in Lao PDR.

Phrasisombath et al.(2012) BMC Public Health 2012, 12:1004

http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/12/1004

MOH. (2012) Establishing a Drop-in Center for Female Sex Workers in Laos PDR, Standard Operating

Procedures

Burnet Institute. (2008) Young Women‘s Sexual Behaviour Study Vientiane Capital, Lao PDR (2008)

CHAS. (2015) Routine prevention programme reports

CHAS. (2014) Routine prevention programme reports

CHAS. (2012 Routine prevention programme reports

MOH.( 2014) Annual report of AIDS registry

MOH.( 2013) Annual report of AIDS registry

MOH.( 2011) Annual report of AIDS registry

UNAIDS.(2008) A Framework for Monitoring and Evaluating HIV Prevention Programmesfor Most-

At-Risk Populations


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.