the Effect of Sex Preference to the Desire to Have Another Children in Indonesia

Arga Nugraha

Abstract


Previous studies found that sex preference influenced fertility preference and family size, particularly in patrilineal culture. Although Indonesia is patriarchal society, the sex preference is rarely discussed among the researcher. Therefore, this study aims to explore the pattern of sex preference in Indonesia and its effect to the desire for additional children by controlling with desire particular sex of children, sex composition of children, demographic characteristics and social- economic factors. This study employed a secondary data of Indonesia Demographic Health Survey 2012. The sample size was 4,885 15-49 years women respondent who already had at least two children and none of them were infecund or sterilized. Univariate and Multivariate analyses were carried out. It was found that more than 79% of Indonesian women had no sex preference for their children. However, sex preference still existed, especially among women and their husbands that preferred sons over daughters. The multivariate analysis show that sex preference had effect on desire to have another children. Women with son preference were 1.9 times more likely to have another child than those who had no sex preference. The variable desire particular sex of children, sex composition of living children, wealth status and region help to explain that ideal number family size in more important and more effected women to have another child. The results suggest that son preference, ideal family size and complete family formation in women who has two children or more is more important and driven them to have another child. Majority of Indonesian women found to be have no preference toward their child but son preference proved still exist. Thus, policy to encourage two children is enough and improve the quality of children through

education in Indonesia is needed. 


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