the Effect of Stimulus Cutaneous Slow Stroke Back Massage to Beta Endorphin Levels and Blood Pressure Changes Among Pregnant Women With Preeclampsia in Demak, Indonesia

Tri Maghfiroh, Onny Setiani, Sri Sumarni, Supriyana Supriyana, Friska Adiani

Abstract


Eclampsia caused 50,000 deaths annually worldwide and counted for 10% of total maternal deaths. This study aims to determine the stimulus effects of stimulus cutaneous slow stroke back massage to Beta Endorphin levels and blood pressure changes of pregnant women with preeclampsia in Demak. This was a quasi-experimental research study design with one group pre and post-test design. This study used a treatment group of 15 pregnant women with mild pre-eclampsia. Stimulus cutaneous slow stroke back massage affects Beta Endorphin levels of pregnant women with mild preeclampsia by increasing Beta Endorphin levels of 0.9816 ng/ml. The treatment also has a positive effect to blood pressure, with 21.0 mmHg reduction in systolic and a decrease of 15.7 mmHg of diastolic after the intervention.

This study suggests, therapy stimulus cutaneous slow stroke back massage can be used as an alternative for blood pressure management of pregnant women. 


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