Influence of Spiritual Therapy Emotional Freedom Technique (Seft) on Cortisol Levels and Immunoglobulin E (Study of Anxiety in Pregnant Women in Independent Practice Midwives Semarang)

Yuniarti Yuniarti, Ari Suwondo, Runjati Runjati, Sandy Isna Maharani, Herlina Ofiwijayanti, Stefani Anastasia

Abstract


Pregnant women primigravida experience fear, anxiety, and fear before delivery. Worries and anxieties of pregnant women if not handled properly will have an impact and influence on the physical and psychic, both the mother and fetus. In this study, we proposed a method named SEFT (Spiritual Therapy Emotional Freedom Technique) to reduce the stress and depress among the primigravida in giving birth. This study employed a quasi-experimental design with pretest-posttest control group. Fifteen trimester primigravida with a gestational age of 28 to 35 weeks in three private midwifery practice Mandiri (BPM) in the Banyumanik and Tembalang district were involved by consecutive sampling technique both in experimental and control group. SEFT therapy, a knock technique on the nine meridian points including a point at the top of the head, was provided to the respondents in the experimental group for 14 days (two weeks) every night. From the data, we highlight a significant increasing level of cortisol levels among the primigravida who enter the last stage of pregrnancy from 269.29 ± 14.75 nmol/L to 334.39 ± 19.81 nmol/L. The stress and anxiety before delivery elevate the IgE levels from 206.17 ± 55.4 IU/mL to 220.33 ± 56.23 IU/mL. By the result we revealed a significant contribution of SEFT therapy to reduce the levels of cortisol (p value < 0.001) and IgE (p value < 0.01). The data indicated the primigravida who obtained SEFT are more relaxed to face the delivery. The results recommend SEFT as the alternative solution for

the primigravida who stress and depress facing delivery. 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Ali N.S. Azam I.S. Ali B.S. Tabbusum G. and Moin S.S. (2012). Frequency and Associated Factors for Anxiety and Depression in Pregnant women: A Hospital-Based Cross-Sectional Study. The Scientific world Journal. Vol. 2

Bidaki R, Mehran K, Mahdiyeh M, Hosein H.N, Asghar Z. Parivash R, Zahra S. (2011). Maternal stress in pregnancy based on Holmes-Rahe questionnaire and umbilical cord IgE. Canadian Journal on Medicine. Vol. 2, No. 3, July 2011

Claesson I.M, Josefsson A, and Sydsjo G,. (2010). Prevalence of Anxiety and depressive symptoms among obese pregnant and postpartum women: an intervention study. BMC Public Health.10.766.

Clow A. (2001). The Physiology of Stress. In Jones F and Bright J Stress: Myth, Theory and Research. Boston. Jones & Bartlett Pub; 47-61

Correia LL, & Linhares MBM. (2007). Maternal anxiety in the pre- and postnatal period: a literature review. Rev Latino-am Enfermagem, Juli-Agustus; 15(4):677-83

Detiana P. 2010. Hamil aman dan nyaman diatas 30 tahun. Penerbit Media Pressindo. Yogyakarta

Evan J. (2002). Managing Perinatal Psychiatric Problem. Journal of Paediatric, Obstetric And

Gynocologic. Nov/Dec 2002

Hawari D. (2013). Manajemen Stress Cemas dan Depresi, Penerbit FKUI. Jakarta

Hosseini SM, Biglan MW, Larkby C, Brooks MM, Gorin MB, Day NL. (2009). Trait anxiety in

pregnant women predicts offspring birth outcomes. Paediatri Perinat Epidemiol. 2009

Nov;23(6):557-66. (diakses 22 Maret 2015)

Jung C, Ho JT, Torpy DJ, Rogers A, Doogue M, Lewis JG, et al. 2011. A longitudinal study of plasma

and urinary cortisol in pregnancy and postpartum. J Clin Endocrinol Metab.;96(May 2011):1533–40

Kim H.G. M. Mandell, C. Crandall, M. A. Kuskowski, B. Dieperink, and R. L. Buchberger. 2006, ―Antenatal psychiatric illness and adequacy of prenatal care in an ethnically diverse inner- city obstetric

population,‖ Archives of Women‟s Mental Health, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 103–107

Larasati IP, Wibowo A. 2011. Pengaruh Keikutsertaan Senam Hamil Trehadap Kecemasan

Primigravida ketika menghadapi Persalinan, Journal biometrika dan kependudukan

Leigh, B. Milgrom, J. 2008. Risk Factors for Antenatal Depression, Postnatal Depression and Parenting

Stress. BMJ.Psyciatri

Mancuso, R.A. Schetter, C.D. Rini, C.M. Roesch. S.C. and Hobel, C.J. 2004. Journal Maternal

Prenatal Anxiety and Corticotrophin Releasing Hormon Associated with Timing Delivery.

Psychosomatic Medicine. 66-762-769. American Psychosomatic Society

Prastowo W, Yuliatun, Laksitoningrum E. (2011). Perbedaan tingkat kecemasan dalam menghadapi

persalinan pada ibu yang rutin dan tidak rutin melakukan kunjungan antenatal care di Puskesmas

Diyono Kota Malang

Price, A. S., Wilson M. L., 2006. Patofisiologi Konsep Klinis Proses-Proses Penyakit. Alih Bahasa: dr.

Brahm U. Penerbit. Jakarta: EGC

Saefudin AB,( 2010). Buku Panduan praktis Pelayanan Kesehatan Maternal Neonatal. Jakarta;

Yayasan Bina Pustaka SarwonoPrawiroharjo

Sholeh, M. 2006. Terapi Sholat Tahajud Menyembuhkan Berbagai Penyakit. Hikmah (PT Mizan

Publika). P. 147-156

Zainuddin, A.F. 2009. Spiritual Emotional Freedom Technique for Healing Success Happiness

Greatness. Jakarta : Afzan Publishing


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.