Musculoskeletal Pain Of “Batik Tulis” (Writing) Women Worker In Berkah Lestari Batik, Bantul Using Nordic Body Map And Physical Asessment

Ratih Pramitasari, Eko Hartini

Abstract


Batik is one of the industry in Indonesia which is currently experiencing growth. In 2012 the textile industry (including batik) was 4,553 businesses. The process of making traditional batik tulis still through the manual process, the first step is mencanting (make the pattern on the fabric), pencelupan (dip for coloring), dan penjemuran (drying). The work attitude of batik workers is sitting on a small chair without backrest and doing mencanting activities for 6 hours even more. Many factors can caused the incidence of muscle pain in batik workers such as working in a wrong position or unnatural and doing activities in a monotonous position. This research is a quantitative research using cross sectional research design. The instrument used Nordic Body Map questionnaire and a physical examination to identify musculoskeletal system conditions on batik tulis workers was carried out by the physiotherapist with a palpation test. The study sample consisted of 50 workers using the total population in Batik Berkah Lestari. The characteristics of batik workers are the average age of workers 49.8 years, BMI 22.9, working period of 30.54 years. Nordic Body Map results, from 28 parts of the body, 80% of workers suffered from musculoskeletal pain in the left upper arm, with a percentage of 6% feeling very pain, 30% pain and 44% slightly pain. In the right upper arm 74% of workers suffered from it, with 40% were slightly pain, 26% were pain, and 8% were very pain. On the physical examination, 44% of batik workers experienced scoliosis and 32% had lordosis.


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