The Correlation Between Self-esteem With Resilience In Drug Abusers In The Correctional Institution In Special Region Of Yogyakarta

Arfiana Fani Astuti, Akrim Wasniyati, Sri Warsini

Abstract


Background: Drug abuse belongs to illegal action that can be criminalized based on the applicable law. This condition allows the drug abusers through a process of punishment and rehabilitation at the Correctional Institution. The relapse event becomes an inseparable challenge from the long process towards a full recovery. The resilience ability is required to recover the drug dependence. The protective factor that supports the existence of resilience is self-esteem.

Objective: The aim of this study is to know the relationship between self-esteem with resilience in drug abusers in the Correctional Institution in Special Region of Yogyakarta.

Method: This study is a quantitative research with correlational analytic type, and cross-sectional design. The study was conducted in the Correctional Institution of Class IIA Narcotics and in the Correctional Institution of Wiragunan on February 2017. The sample in this study was drug abusers from both places which is amounted to 80 people. The sampling technique used is purposive sampling. The measurement of self-esteem used Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale (RSES) instrument. While, the resilience measured using Pertiwi’s instrument (2011) based on resilience theory according to Grotberg (2003) and has been modified by Dewi (2015).

Results: Most respondents had low self-esteem (58,75%, n = 47) and low resilience (58.75%, n = 47). The result of Pearson correlation test between self-esteem with resilience showed a strong relationship with the value of r = + 0.621; p = 0,000.

Conclusion: There is a strong relationship between self-esteem and resilience in drug abusers in the Correctional Institution in Special Region of Yogyakarta.


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