The Differences Of Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) Between Overweight-obese And Normal Adolescence

Karera Aryatika, Witjaksono Fiastuti, Khusun Helda

Abstract


Background: The state of obesity in the body lead to have chronic low-grade inflammation in the long term condition. Diet has been known as an important regulatory factor on inflammatory condition. Characteristic of individual diet according to its inflammatory properties in order to investigate the inflammatory links between obesity and diet can be assessed by dietary inflammatory index (DII). Objective: The study aimed to assess the differences of dietary inflammatory index between overweight-obese and normal adolescence. Methods: A comparative cross sectional study with 152 overweight-obese and 151 normal adolescence in Trenggalek District was involved. Inflammation contained on foods measured by dietary inflammatory index. Nutritional status of adolescence was categorized using CDC (BMI-for-Age-percentils). Result: Overweight-obese adolescence have higher median intake of several food inflammatory parameter compare with normal adolescence. There was no differences between dietary inflammatory index and nutritional status (p>0.05). Conclusion: However, a pro inflammatory diet (the higher dietary inflammatory index score) was found among overweight and obese adolescence. Inversely, anti inflammatory diet (the lower dietary inflammatory index score) was associated with normal adolescence.


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