Cultural Citizenship In Thailand - Lao PDR Border School

Wasan Sapphasuk, Nongyao Nawarat

Abstract


In the age of border globalization, the movement of people, labor, products and cross-border cultures occurs conveniently. This kind of situation has increased variety and complexity of citizenship. It is challenging for citizenship construction in a border school which is various in students’ cultural background and nationality. This article aims to study and analyze the citizenship sense of belonging of students. The analysis result of citizenship construction occurred in students who are diverse in cultural background and nationality in Ban Rim Khong School is stated in the article. Phenomenal qualitative research was chosen to analyze the data collecting from related document, observation and interview. The researcher interviewed 14 students and collected all data from May 10 – August 10, 2018. The concept of cultural citizenship by Renato Rosaldo and Will Kymlicka was used in this article. In finding, it was found that 1) Students with various cultural background and nationality have citizenship sense of belonging related to, nation state, ethnicity, community, and organization. They also aware of their identity and proudly represent themselves as a part of cultural community. 2) Currently, some sectors and organizations have played a role in citizenship construction in school culture but the operation in school has mainly operated by groups of mainstream culture. This makes identity and cultural diversity of subaltern culture students have been diminished continuously and some aspects of rights have been obstructed. Moreover, it also causes becoming of being otherness in subaltern culture students. To be concluded, education management in globalization must aware of being cultural citizenship which possesses all rights and freedom equally and fairly.


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References


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