Traditional Value Transformation Toward The Era’s Challenge In Using Society: Case Studies Of Gandrung Dance And Tumpeng Sewu Tradition

Ahmad Wahyudi, Laras Setyaningsih, Dina Stevany Ermayasari


Gandrung dance and Tumpeng Sewu tradition are traditions of the Usingsocieythat are preserved until this present day. In the beginning, every tradition emerged had a religio-magical and aesthetic functions which were a form of gratitude to the gods for what had been given to humans. The existence of the tumpeng sewu tradition is a form of harmony between nature and humans. The value contained in the tumpeng sewu ritual is believed to protect nature. Gradually, the value of religio-magical functions shifts to economical pragmatic with the rise of tradition put into cultural tourism. There are consequences that need to be considered when religio-magical function is preserved but encounter shifting as well. If the religio-magical value is still maintained, it faces many irrelevances. However, if shifting occurs, the pattern of society experiences a shift because culture or tradition is a product of society. These dynamics are the subject of this study. Changes that take place in the tradition of Using society can be seen from several aspects, one of them is the local government who held events on a national to international scale in an excessive and festive way. The content of the events is Using culture. Whether it is realized or not, the pattern of change has helped to ignite the spirit of the society to preserve their traditions. The sacred and profane theory put forward by Emile Durkheim is be the basis of thought to unravel the pattern of change made by Using society. This study used ethnographic method with interviews and literature studies as the data collection techniques. The concept of Geertz's desacralization which describes the process of changing the nature of ritual from sacred to profane also becomes one of the foundations of this study.

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