Non Mainstreming Responses To The Indonesia Ahmadiyya Community In The Construction Of Inclusive Interaction

Catur Wahyudi, Bambang Noorsetya, Titot Edy Suroso

Abstract


This article elaborates unusual responses indicated by the Indonesian Ahmadiyah community in the inclusive interaction structure based on different thoughts (madhhab). This reality was explored on the basis of interactions among Indonesian Ahmadiyah congregation (JAI), Muhammadiyah activists, and Nahdhotul Ulama in Bandung city. The choice of dialogue (tabayyun) was used in the case of dissent. Differences are not judged as a part of the conflict, because they are interpreted as part of reality or necessity (sunatullah). The intended action, thus, is tolerating and respecting one another as the manifestation of civilized characters. Based on the communal segmentation involved in the inclusive interaction structure, the interaction among these three groups run very effectively as long as it did not intersect with the aspects of fundamental beliefs (aqeedah), except in the communal segmentation of those having the “burhani” and “irfani” characters. The growth of inclusive interaction in conflicting communities needs to prioritize the aspects of fiqiyah and muamalah for those of “bayani” people, the limited aspects of aqeedah, fiqiyah, and muamalah for those of “burhani” people, and the intrinsic aspects of aqeedah, fiqiyah, and muamalah for those of “irfani” people.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdel Majid Sharfi, 2005. Islam between Divine Message and History. Budapest Hungari: Central European University Share Company, 2005.

Abdurrahman Fakih, 2001. “The Nine Stars and Civil Society: A Study of NU Progressive Activitists in Jepara”.

Ahmad Al-Usairy, 2011. Sejarah Islam (at-ta’rihk al-islami), Sejak Zaman Nabi Adam Hingga Abad XX. Jakarta: Akbar Media.

Amir Syarifudin, 2006. Agama Di Dunia. Jakarta: Kencana.

Antony Black, 2011. The History of Islamic Political Thought: from The Prophet to The Present. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press Ltd, second edition.

Al Makin, 2011. “Jejaring Sutra : Putusnya Satu Benang, Hancurlah Seluruh Sistem”, dokumentasi Bahan diskusi Dialog dan Dengar Pendapat tentang “Penanganan Permasalahan Ahmadiyah di Indonesia Tahun 2011”, Kementrian Agama RI, Jakarta, 23 Maret.

Al-Mawardi, tanpa tahun. al-Ahkam al-Sultaniyah. Beirut: Da>r al-Fikr.

As-Syathibi Ibrahim bin Musa bin Muhammad al-Lakhmi, 1412 H. al-I’tisham. Riyadh: Dar Ibn Affan.

A. Qodri Abdillah Azizy, 2000. Masyarakat Madani Antara Cita dan Fakta, Kajian Historis-Normatif, dalam Ismail dan Muktin. Jogjakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, http://lempu.co.cc, 7 May,2009 (diakses pada 8 Desember 2012).

Bassam Tibi,2007. The Totalitarianism of Jihadist Islamism and its Challenge to Europe and to Islam. Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions, Vol. 8, No. 1, March 2007.

Bruce B. Lawrence, 2006. Islam and Society in Contemporary Indonesia. Jakarta: Kementerian Agama RI& CIDA Canada.

Bryan S. Turner, 1974. Islam, Capitalism and Weber Thesis. The British Journal of Sociology, Vol. 25, No. 2, June, 1974.

Erving Goffman, 1959. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. New York: Doubleday Anchor Books.

Francis Fukuyama, 2014. Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy. Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Fu, Qianhong, 2014. “Trust, Social Capital, and Organizational Effectiveness”, Major Paper on Faculty of The Virginia Polytechnic Institute (April 2004).

George Ritzer & Douglas J. Goodman, 2008.Teori Sosiologi Modern. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Habermas, Jurgen, 1996. Between Facts and Norm: Contributions to a Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy (Cambridge, Mass: The MIT Press).

Hamid Dabashi, 1993. Theology of Discontent: The Ideological Foundations of the Islamic Revolution in Iran. New York: New York University Press.

Homans, George C., 1973. Social Behavior: Its Elementary Form (New York: Harcourt Brace Javanovic). Ibn Taimiyah, 1419 H. as-Siyasah as-Shar’iyyah. Riyadh:

Mangunsong, Nurainun, 2010. Materi Kuliah Hukum dan HAM (Yogyakarta : Fakultas Syariah & Hukum UIN Sunan Kalijaga).

Madjid, Nurcholish, 2009. Cendekiawan & Religiusitas Masyarakat. Jakarta: Paramadina, 2009.

Nasir bin Hamid al Fahd, 1420 H. al-I’lam bi Mukhlafat al-Muwafaqat wa al-I’tisham. Riyadh:Maktabah ar-Rusyd, 1420 H.

Olle, John, 2006. “The Campaign Against ‘Heresy’: State and Society in Negotiation in Indonesia”, Paper dipresentasikan pada Biennial Conference of The Asian Studies Association of Australia, Bolongong: 26-29 Juni 2006.

Purwanto, Wawan H., 2011. Tragedi Cikeusik Pembelajaran dari Kasus Ahmadiyah (Jakarta: CMB Press).

Rasjid, Sulaiman, 2004. Islam di Benua Biru (Jakarta: Gesindo).

Ritzer, George & Goodman, D.J, 2008. Teori Sosiologi Modern. Jakarta : Kencana Prenada Media Group, Edisi-5.

Syarifudin, Amir, 2006. Agama Di Dunia, Cet ke II (Jakarta: Kencana).

Sayyed Hossen Nasr, 2003. Islam: Agama, Sejarah dan Peradaban. Surabaya: Risalah Gusti, 2003.

Stephen Sulaiman Schwartz, 2009. The Illution of An Islamic State: The Expansion of Transnational Islamist Movements to Indonesia. Jakarta: The Wahid Institute – Gerakan Bhineka Tunggal Ika – The Maarif Institute, editor: Abdul Rahman Wahid.

Tanvir Anjum, 2007. “From Confrontation to Collaboration: Contemporary Discourse on the State – Civil Society Relational Models”, Scientific Article, Chapel Hill USA: University of North Carolina.

Th. Sumartana (ed.), 2012. Pluralisme, Konflik, dan Dialog: Refleksi tentang Hubungan antar Agama di Indonesia, sumber: http://islamkuno.com (diakses 08 Desember 2012)

Wahyudi, Catur, 2014. Gerakan Civil Society Komunitas Islam Marjinal: Kasus Jemaat Ahmadiyah Indonesia (Jakarta: UIN Syarif Hidayatullah, Disertasi).

---------; 2015. Marginalisasi dan Keberadaban Masyarakat (Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia).

Wahyudi, Catur, Noorsetya, Bambang, Suroso, Titot Edy, 2018. Pengembangan Model Interaksi Inklusif untuk Pencegahan Konflik Horisontal Aliran-aliran Keagamaan – Studi Respon Jemaat Ahmadiyah Indonesia terhadap Islam Mainstream (Universitas Merdeka Malang:

Laporan PDUPT d/h Penelitian Fundamental, 2018).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.