Pela Gandong : Sara Conflict Resolution Method Base On Local Wisdom In Mollucas

Nur Lailiya Hartanti, Fathul Karimul Khair, Zahro’ul Aini

Abstract


In the history of Indonesia recorded the most intense SARA (discrimination based on tribe, religion, race, and intergroup) conflict in the region of the Moluccas or Maluku Islands that took place since 1999. The conflict which involved local Muslims and Christians was formally ended by the Treaty Malino I and II in 2002 and 2003 which presented figures from both conflicting religions. Before the agreement was reached, many emotional approaches have been given. After the conflict was over, Pela Gandong tradition was revived with the aim of strengthening relations between countries (villages) throughout the Maluku Islands. Pela Gandong is derived from two words in Moluccan language, Pela and Gandong; Pela means bond and unity, while Gandong means biological. This study uses qualitative approach as the method of research, with the data obtained through in-depth interviews and the concept of ‘live in’ on ethnographic studies. The findings of this theory have theoretical implications on the concept of conflict from Lewis A. Coser. Through the pattern of conflict resolution, Pela Gandong is hoped to be used as a reference to solve SARA conflicts in Indonesia.


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