Teaching Writing Through A Genre-based Approach In An Efl Context

Phirunkhana Phichiensathien


Writing has become more demanding in the context of English as a foreign language, particularly in Thailand. Most Thai EFL undergraduates do not know how to connect ideas with lexical items, grammar, and structure when writing an academic essay. These problems occur in Thai EFL writing entirely due to a grammar-based approach to a product and process writing approaches, and even the product-process approach. Writing English grammar correctly is also taken into account for learner assessment. Currently, the innovative genre-based approach has been integrated into academic writing courses. This article aims to review the notions concerning approaches to writing in order to discuss how a writing process can be effectively designed when it is based on the written product. Particular attention in this paper is given to writing approaches that propose the intervention of a genre-based approach to academic writing courses. This article presents two linguistic genre-based approaches: systemic functional linguistics and English for specific purposes. Also, the examine-and-report-back model is proposed as a suitable practical approach for the teaching writing in English at similar stages of teaching and learning cycles.

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