Women’s Survival Strategies And Empowerment: The Case Study From Indonesian Fisherwomen’s Collective Action

Annisa Meutia Ratri


This paper presents findings from a study of artisanal fisherwomen in Indonesia, which investigated their innovative and collective action to run the Indonesian Sisterhood of Fisherwomen Organization (PPNI/Persaudaraan Perempuan Nelayan Indonesia). The artisanal Fisherwomen has important role in the fisheries activities. However, they are facing multiple burden in the situation of marginalization, poverty, the worsening crisis in fisheries, and lacks of acknowledgment. This paper describes the survival strategies of artisanal fisherwomen on PPNI to avoid multiple burdens and the dynamic struggle of fisherwomen to amplifier their aspiration to the government. This qualitative case study examines the interplay of social capital, collective action, and women’s empowerment. PPNI consists 16 local fisherwomen organizations in around Indonesia islands. The survival strategies such as knowledge exchange system among member to produce alternative livelihood by inventing a new product such as from fish or mangrove and share the market. It is also included the capacity building to access to government program. To embrace many fisherwomen, PPNI build a collaborative partnership with other civil society organization and local government. To conclude, artisanal fisherwomen through PPNI using all their capital in social, economic, and knowledge to provide situation that can help them face the multiple burden. In mostly case, when the women started the organization, their priority was income generation. However, the case of PPNI found that women also use PPNI as comfortable place to sharing the burden, opportunities to grow, and empower each other.

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