Comparison On Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Of Betel Nut Chewing Habit Between Blind And Normal People In Yangon, Myanmar

Min Htike, Maung Maung Naing


Originated from the Southeast Asia region, the betel nut chewing habits prevailed through immigration to other regions such as India, Taiwan, southern China, South Pacific Islands, and even to the Europe. The use of smokeless tobacco as betel nut with tobacco is highly prevalent in Myanmar compared with other countries. The misconception of smokeless tobacco use is less dangerous than tobacco smoking is a big challenge to the tobacco control measures. Then, a crosssectional study on comparison of knowledge, attitude and practice of betel chewing habit with structured questionnaire to two groups: normal group and blind group (n = 78) in Yangon, Myanmar is conducted. The selection criteria is having a history of taking betel quid regardless of race, sex, marital status in School for the Blind and normal individuals in Yangon region. 87% of male and 12.8% of female gender ranging from age 18 to 35 years participated in the study. The results show that there is no strong significantly difference in knowledge, attitude and practice on betel chewing habit of two groups even though they are different in learning a behavior according to their different physical abilities. However, the study assures that their knowledge on betel quid has been satisfactory and they are still addicting to this habit due to their favorable surrounding environment like betel quid shops, family member users and socialization by friends. Therefore the supply of betel quid ingredients especially tobacco should be regulated strictly by government procedure and specific health promotion plan for disabled person as well as the social support system like behavioral therapy to already addicted one should be promoted.

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