Gratanko : Granules Of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch As A Biomass Based Energy In Indonesia

Sahal Sabilil Muttaqin, Cahaya Prautama, Saefullah Thaher, Namira Nur Arfa, Sigit Arif Anggoro, Irfan Dwidya Prijambada

Abstract


Oil palm empty fruit bunches (Elaeis guineensis) are a product of the rest of the palm oil processing industry. It has a potential as biomass fuel in the form of granules because has a carbon content that can be burned. The Implementation of the study was to prove that the oil palm empty bunches can be processed into granules, knowing the characteristics of granules oil palm empty fruit bunches in the combustion process is optimized, and calculate the amount of energy (Cal / g) resulting from the burning of oil palm fruit bunches empty grain. The research method used follows steps such as collecting and elication, milling, granulation, and analysis of characteristics of granules such as moisture content, ash and volatile content, specific gravity, calorific value, and fixed carbon. The results showed that the oil palm empty fruit bunches can be formed into granules and have the best quality at a concentration of 5% to the characteristics of moisture content (45.13%), ash content (13.903%), volatile value (43.939%), density (0.886 g / cm3), the calorific value (4581.448 Cal /g),) and fixed carbon (13.563%). The ash and volatile value greatly affect the results of the calorific value.


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