Opinions Of Farmers’ Towards Rural Road Improvement For Agricultural Communities: A Case Study Of Ribaue District, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

Berdino Pires, Chaicharn Wongsamum

Abstract


This study was aimed to examine opinions of farmers' towards rural road improvement for agricultural communities, and to identify on how farmers use the rural road in their daily life and agricultural production. The quantitative method was applied to achieve the objectives. Where multi-stage sampling method and structured interview were used to collect data from 142 farmers in five villages of Ribaue district, named Cunlé, Namiconha, Iapala, Riane and Ribaue – sede, Nampula Province, Mozambique. Four categories as demographic household information, socioeconomic information of households, farmer opinion towards rural road condition and expectation to the future improvement and opinions on participation in rural road improvement of local farmer was used to examine opinions of farmers’ towards rural road improvement for agricultural communities, selection of farmers were a head of households of those villages using systematic random sampling method. Data analysis was conducted by using computer program, Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS for Windows) and descript statistic method to analyses data such as frequency count, percentages, maximum, minimum and mean were used. The results showed that more than three quarter of farmers’ opinions interviewing stated that improving the rural road to agricultural production areas would help to access to the market, job creation, basic social services (Education and Health), and increasing the productivity and consequently reducing transportation costs. It was recommended that in order to improve rural road policy, local government and local administration must focus on increasing the rate of skilled personnel, the community facilitator and local leaders with the skills needed to work in a participatory manner with rural road committee at local area and the central government should increase the flow of funds allocation to support the needs and therefore, should be awareness of national government in local participation.


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References


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