Possibility Of Establishing An Agricultural Cooperative In Areiy Ksatr Commune, Areiy Ksatr District, Kandal Province, Cambodia

Out Chhorvira, Suchint Simaraks

Abstract


Agricultural sector significantly contributes to Cambodia’s economy. Rich of natural resources, the farmers could pull those resources for their productivity. Kandal Province could access to resources conveniently because of its geography. Seeing the potential that communities have, government and supporters are assisting the communities to organize the local institutions. Afterward, Kandal Province has many Agricultural Cooperatives (AC) settled in many districts. Inversely, a commune stands along the Mekong River, named Areiy Ksatr in Kandal province has no local institution to support its vulnerable farmers, particularly on production and market. This research finds the answer that “AC” should be built there or not. Hence, this study is to identify the potential of agricultural production, and socio-economic condition and socio-culture regarding to AC’s Concept. Qualitative and Quantitative methods are used to capture all data, from 13 key informants; 5 from local administrators, and 8 from general famers by employing semi-structured interview to gain in-depth information. Data were also collected by questionnaires from randomly selected 100 respondents. The analytical approach is interpreted by quoting from the KIs as descriptive results supported by data collected through questionnaires. The findings are, rice production was abandoned since a few decades ago, and the main Agricultural-Products are lemon grass with 90% that farmers are growing followed by mango which aren’t really economically viable. Else ways, they all face the same problems which are non-ownership of their agricultural land and market failure which 99% of famers heavily account on middleman, the social capital including solidarity, etiquette, moral, social norm, network, are noticeably going down, because of war remains uneducated people and they lose trust on each other. This means establishing an AC is hardly happened unless firstly all farmers form as a strong bond and rebuild their social and particularly economic land ownership.


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References


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