Effect of pulsed electric field treatments on melanosis and quality changes of Pacific white shrimp during refrigerated storage

Khursheed Ahmad Shiekh, Soottawat Benjakul

Abstract


Polyphenoloxidase (PPO) from Pacific white shrimp was subjected to Pulsed electric field (PEF) at varying specific energy (54-483 kJ/kg) and pulse number (200-600). PPO activity was decreased as both parameters increased (P < 0.05). Among shrimp treated with PEF, those subjected to PEF-T3 (483 kJ/kg, 600 pulses) had the lower melanosis score than other PEF treatments and the control, packaged in polystyrene trays and wrapped with shrink film, during 10 days of storage at 4 °C (P < 0.05). Highest shear force values were noticed with PEF-T3 treated sample at the end of storage period (day 10) (P < 0.05). Microstructural gaping between shrimp muscle fibers was notably higher in PEF-T3. No protein degradation was observed for all samples, regardless of PEF treatments. Lower mesophilic and psychrophilic microbial counts in shrimp were obtained when PEF-T3 was implemented. After 10 days of storage, higher sensory scores of PEF-T3 treated samples were also attained, as compared to others (P < 0.05). Quality deterioration of shrimp was retarded with the aid of PEF.


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