Identification of Diuretic Chemical Compound in Palmyra Palm (Borassus flabellifer) to Cure Kidney Stone Disease which Commonly Happen in Tuban

Aliffa Yusti Sadila, Ummi Zubaidah, Widyah Puspitasari


Tuban, East Java, Indonesia, is well-known by its high concentration of calcium and magnesium ions which are mixed in its soil and water. The consumption of high calcium-magnesium concentrated water leads to kidney stone disease in Tuban. Palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifer) is a common plant in Tuban. Its antiurolithiatic activity (diuretic effect) dissolve brushite crystals formed inside the kidneys. It is done due to Borassus flabellifer’s sap which is served as a traditional drink called Legen. The objective of the study is to identify that Palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifer) contains diuretic chemical substance and Legen can be used as the cure of kidney stone disease. The used research method is qualitative by field and library research. According to Shirisha (2018), sap from the flower of Borassus flabellifer acts as diuretic agents. The plant has been used traditionally as a stimulant, antileprotic, diuretic, and antiphologistic (Chinnala, 2016). Pursuant to Amalo (2008), Legen cures kidney stone disease by consuming it once in 24 hours for 30 days constantly. Furthermore, it is also recommended to be consumed in a determined amount as a prevention of kidney stone disease.

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