The Intervention of ACBT (Active Cycle Of Breathing Technique) Exercise Combined with Aromatherapy Mentha Piperita L. as a Complementary Therapy to Patient with Pulmonary Tb (Tuberculosis) in Agroindustry Sector: A Literature Review

Lutfian Lutfian, Fikri Haikal Akbar

Abstract


Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Pulmonary tuberculosis becomes the second rank as the main cause of death due to infectious diseases after Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Globally in 2016, 10,4 million peoples were diagnosing a Tuberculosis. In Indonesia based on a doctor's diagnosis is not shifted, which is equal to 0.4%. Aim: The objective of this paper to explores intervention ACBT conjugated with Mentha piperita as a therapy to a patient with pulmonary TB. The literature was conducted by analyzing article related to ACBT, aromatherapy of and pulmonary tuberculosis and locate peer-reviewed studies published between 2010-2019. The result of analyisis mentioned that Intervention of ACBT exercise combined with aromatherapy Mentha piperita l increase the patient stability, on 5 days of therapy can reduce the shortness of breath, Reduce the Respiratory Rate (RR) from 28,86 x/mnt to 24,86 x/mnt, increase relaxation due to excretion of Serotonin and Dopamine hormone, increase the amount of FEV1 (2.355-2.855) and FVC (3.22-3.47), facilitate the excretion of sputum due to increasing the tidal volume and opening the system collateral from 13% TO 36,1% and the in vitro antibacterial activities of ethanolic extracts showed 100mg/ml consistency of M.piperita inhibit the growth of M. tuberculosis. This intervention based on the explores of this literature can prevent the occurrence of unwanted complications in pulmonary TB patients among the agro-industry communities.


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