Enviromental Protection and Management Policy for Customary Law Community in The Perspective of Human Rights

Mardiansyah Mardiansyah, Wahdania Suardi

Abstract


The existence of customary law community is influenced by policies that come in direct contact with their survival including environmental protection and management efforts. The purpose of this study is to analyze the conditions of indigenous peoples related to the existence of environmental protection and management in terms of aspects of policy and human rights. This research method uses a qualitative approach with descriptive research types. Data collection is done through interviews, observation, and documentation then analysis activities through data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. The results of the study indicate that respect for the rights of customary law community can have a positive impact on environmental conservation. Customary Law Society has a variety of wisdom (local values) in managing the environment so that it has an important role in efforts to preserve the environment. In customary communities around the forest and in coastal areas affected by changes in policy but referring to the current conditions of customary law community can participate in forest and coastal management customary law communities have a greater opportunity to use coastal areas and forests based on local wisdom. Meanwhile this management and Environmental Protection policy is more focused on Responsibilities and Authority related to Recognition of customary law communities to protect the environment and natural resource management. In addition, this study recommends the need for compensation arrangements related to legal community rights that have been taken over by other parties.


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