Food Sources of Vitamin D and Its Deficiency in Worker Women

Betty Yosephin, Faisal Anwar, Hadi Riyadi, Ali Khomsan, Nur Elly


The main source of vitamin D comes from sunlight. The high vitamin D deficiency is strongly associated with low sun exposure. The sources of vitamin D in food was limited. This study is to identify food sources and food habits of female factory workers. This study used a cross sectional design and was conducted at PT Gunung Salak (garment factory) in Sukabumi, Indonesia. Sample population was female workers at child bearing age (18-40 years old) who works in garment factory, 154 women. The data collected in this study was primary type. The primary data was collected through interviews using a questionnaire and analysis of blood biochemistry (serum 25(OH)D). Vitamin D status analysis was performed by taking blood through the vein by laboratory analyst. Data of repondents‘ characteristics (name, date of birth, ethnic group, and education), food sources and food habits were collected by questionnaire. The finding obtained the respondents‘ average consumption of chicken eggs was 20.1 times per month with an average weight per consumption as much as 56.3 g. Chicken eggs were a food stuff which was consumed most frequently by the respondents. The kinds of fruits and vegetables containing vitamin D were very few and rarely consumed by the respondents. However, the respondents‘ fruit consumption was high enough for each consumption. The kinds of fruits which were most frequently consumed by the respondents were oranges, bananas, and papayas. The vegetable which was consumed most frequently was spinach. Spinach was consumed for 6.0 per month with the average weight of 55.6 g

for each consumption. 

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